However, the studies have been so small and heterogeneous that meta-analyses have failed to prove any conclusive effects, and long-term risks have not been established. "If it was overgrowth, you'd expect them to be different from the start, but because the synapse difference comes on so late, it's probably pruning." Dr.
Sulzer's team also found biomarkers and proteins in the brains with autism that reflected malfunctions in the system of clearing out old and degraded cells, a process called autophagy.
And fourth, the effects of psychotherapy can be studied empirically.
Aaron Beck, who pioneered the use of cognitive behavioral therapy, long insisted that psychotherapy has an empirical basis, that it is a science.
“ “Researchers suggest that being high up, or the mere act of ascending, reminds us of lofty ways of thinking and behaving.” “Jan Gehls studies of street edges provide evidence. “The wicked delight over that turn of events has a German name so apt weve adopted it in English.