Municipal government in Ontario consists of elected township, county, or district councils in rural areas and of elected councils in cities, towns, and regions.
Since 1995 the provincial government, seeking to realize economies of scale, has reduced dramatically the number of municipalities and has rearranged the responsibilities of the two levels of government.
Government assistance to higher education is substantial but has declined since the early 1970s.
The provincially supported degree-granting universities, though legally autonomous, receive both operating and capital grants from the government, which has a measure of control over planning, intake, and programs.
Regional governments were instituted for Ottawa-Carleton in 1969 and for the Niagara region in 1970.