Eight calibrated dates on straw from the pyramid of Senwosret II ranged from 103 years older to 78 years younger than the historical dates for his reign, with four dates off by only 30, 24, 14, and three years. The pyramid builders used older cultural material, whether out of expedience or to make a conscious connection between their pharaoh and his predecessors.
Archaeological investigations are a principal source of knowledge of prehistoric, ancient, and extinct culture.
The word comes from the Greek artifacts he studies.
Koch Pyramids Radiocarbon Project now has us thinking about forest ecologies, site formation processes, and ancient industry and its environmental impact--in sum, the society and economy that left the Egyptian pyramids as hallmarks for all later humanity. Koch Pyramids Radiocarbon Project is a collaborative effort of Shawki Nakhla and Zahi Hawass, The Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities; Georges Bonani and Willy Wölfli, Institüt für Mittelenergiephysik, Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule; Herbert Haas, Desert Research Institute; Mark Lehner, The Oriental Institute and the Harvard Semitic Museum; Robert Wenke, University of Washington; John Nolan, University of Chicago; and Wilma Wetterstrom, Harvard Botanical Museum.
The project is administered by Ancient Egypt Research Associates, Inc.
Ultimately, then, the archaeologist is a historian: his aim is the interpretive description of the past of man.