Each adult has a defined territory and a female is not tolerant of other females in her range.
Social encounters occur primarily during the brief breeding season in which pandas in proximity to one another will gather.
The giant panda's tail, measuring 10 to 15 cm (4 to 6 in), is the second-longest in the bear family.
(The longest belongs to the sloth bear.) A seven-year-old female named Jin Yi died in 2014 in a zoo in Zhengzhou, China, after showing symptoms of gastroenteritis and respiratory disease.
confirms that the separation of the Qinlin population occurred about 300,000 years ago, and reveals that the non-Qinlin population further diverged into two groups, named the Minshan and the Qionglai-Daxiangling-Xiaoxiangling-Liangshan group respectively, about 2,800 years ago. Adults measure around 1.2 to 1.9 m (4 to 6 ft) long, including a tail of about 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in), and 60 to 90 cm (2.0 to 3.0 ft) tall at the shoulder. It has black fur on its ears, eye patches, muzzle, legs, arms and shoulders. Although scientists do not know why these unusual bears are black and white, speculation suggests that the bold coloring provides effective camouflage in their shade-dappled snowy and rocky habitat.